BAGHDAD: Iraqi government forces fought Daesh (ISIS) militants near Fallujah Monday and bombarded central districts at the outset of an offensive to retake the longtime militant stronghold on the western approaches to the capital Baghdad. Some of the first direct clashes occurred in the area of Al-Hayakil on Fallujah’s southern outskirts, a resident said. Iraqi troops also approached the northern suburb of Garma, the top municipal official there said, to clear out militants before turning their attention toward the city center.
Airstrikes and mortar salvoes overnight targeted neighborhoods inside the city where Daesh is believed to maintain its headquarters. The bombardment had eased by daybreak.
Seven civilians and two militants were killed in the shelling, while 21 civilians and two militants were wounded, a source at Fallujah’s medical center said.
The final toll is likely to be higher as this accounts only for casualties brought to hospital. There was no immediate report of casualties among Iraqi forces.
Iraqi military spokesman Brig. Gen. Yahya Rasool, speaking on state television, described the government’s advance as “careful” and reliant on engineers to dismantle roadside bombs planted by the militants. Fallujah, a bastion of Sunni militants 50 kilometers from Baghdad, was the first city to fall to Daesh, in January 2014. Six months later, the group declared a caliphate spanning large parts of Iraq and neighboring Syria.
Iraqi forces have surrounded Fallujah since last year but focused most combat operations on Daesh-held territories further west and north. The authorities have pledged to retake Mosul, the north’s biggest city, this year in keeping with a U.S. plan to oust Daesh from their de facto capitals in Iraq and Syria.
But the Fallujah operation, which is not considered a military prerequisite for advancing on Mosul, could push back that timeline. Two offensives by U.S. forces against Al-Qaeda insurgents in Fallujah in 2004 each lasted about a month and wrecked significant portions of the city.
There are between 500 and 700 Daesh militants in Fallujah, according to a recent U.S. military estimate.
Iraqi army helicopters were rocketing Daesh positions in nearby Garma and targeting movement in and out of the area in order to weaken resistance enough for ground troops to enter, Mayor Ahmed Mukhlif told Reuters.
The defense minister and army chief of staff visited part of that northern axis Monday, a ministry statement said.
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, also grappling with political and economic crises in the OPEC member state, visited a command center set up nearby to oversee operations, exchanging his suit for the black uniform of an elite commando unit.
Announcing the offensive in a late-night speech, Abadi said it would be conducted by the army, police, counterterrorism forces, local tribal allies and a coalition of mostly Shiite militias.
Iraqi officials say the militias, including ones backed by Shiite power Iran, may be restricted to operating outside the city limits, as they largely did in the successful battle to retake the Anbar provincial capital of Ramadi six months ago, to avoid aggravating sectarian tensions with Sunni residents.
State television aired footage of armored vehicles sitting among palm groves on Fallujah’s outskirts, a green tracer glow emanating from shell and machinegun fire. A family stood in the daylight outside a simple one-story home, cheering and waving a white flag as a military convoy passed by.
Iraqi and U.S. officials estimate there are as many as 100,000 civilians still in Fallujah, a city on the Euphrates River whose population was three times that size before the war. A 6-month-old siege has created acute shortages of food and medicine.
The Baghdad government has called on civilians to flee and said it would open safe corridors to southern areas, but roadside bombs have prevented most of them from leaving.
The U.N. refugee agency UNHCR said 80 families that managed to flee in recent days via a main road or through agricultural fields were undergoing screening by the security forces.
It said at least three people had been killed trying to escape while 10,000 families were stuck inside “in a very precarious situation.”
Residents living in central Fallujah said they had moved at dawn to relative safety in outlying northern areas but Daesh patrols have since begun limiting movement even between neighborhoods.
Militants were also using mosque loudspeakers to urge civilians to donate blood, residents said.