BERLIN: Bombings of Kurdish areas in Syria suggest that Syrian Kurds, long detached from the revolt against President Bashar Assad, are increasingly being targeted by his forces after they struck deals with rebels, a Kurdish leader said.
Saleh Muslim, head of the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), said a recent wave of Syrian army attacks may have been prompted by nonaggression pacts reached between Kurds and some moderate factions in the rebel forces.
Another possible reason, he told Reuters in an interview, was that Assad feared Turkey – which has harbored Syrian rebels and called on him to quit – could also aid Syrian Kurds after entering peace talks with its own restive Kurdish minority.
“Maybe the [Syrian] government was bothered about these agreements. We also had such agreements with some small groups in Aleppo, and so because of that they bombed our areas,” Muslim told Reuters in an interview in Berlin. “Maybe they think we are getting some help from Turkey, but this is not true.”
Eleven civilians were killed when a Syrian warplane bombed a Kurdish village in the oil-producing province of Hassakeh in northeastern Syria Sunday, Kurdish activists said. It was the biggest loss of Kurdish life from government attacks since the start of the 2-year-old uprising against Assad.
A Kurdish district of the northern city of Aleppo, Sheikh Maqsoud, has also been battered by airstrikes that have killed 47 civilians over the last 15 days, Muslim said.
“From the beginning we decided not to be a part of this blind fighting going ahead between Damascus and others. ... Our policy has been self-defense, the right to protect ourselves, protect our Kurdish areas.”
Mistrust between Syria’s Sunni Arab majority and its Kurds, who comprise an estimated 9-10 percent of the population and are also largely Sunni, deepened as the Sunni-led uprising gathered steam. In the process, Kurds asserted control in parts of the northeast where their community predominates.
Arab figures in the opposition are suspicious that the Kurds may set up an autonomous province spanning those areas.
For their part, Syrian Kurdish politicians accuse the Arab anti-Assad opposition of ignoring Kurdish rights and seeking to dominate the oil-producing northeast, which accounts for a large proportion of Syria’s crude production.
“The Kurdish provinces are rich provinces; everyone is trying to get these areas under their control. Maybe not just Assad’s forces, maybe also others in future,” Muslim said.
In February a ceasefire was signed between rebels and a Kurdish militia, the Popular Protection Units (YPG), who had been clashing for months in a town near the Turkish border.
Muslim said YPG forces were training in the Kurdish-controlled areas of Derik, Kobani and Afrin. They had more than 10,000 fighters, he said, and could call on most of the Kurdish population for support. Kurds had started fighting back against government forces after being attacked, he added.
Asked if the Kurds could yet join forces with the Sunni Arab-led Free Syrian Army, Muslim said this could happen only if the FSA committed to a democratic, secular Syria. But, he said, the FSA includes radical Islamic Salafists and jihadists and only a fraction of it is native Syrian.
Syria’s conflict started with mainly peaceful demonstrations but descended into a civil war in which the United Nations says at least 70,000 people have been killed. Islamist militants have emerged as the most potent of the anti-Assad insurgents.
Asked about PYD aims, Muslim said Kurds hoped to achieve democratic self-determination. “It is not like classical autonomy, we don’t want to draw any borders, also because we have half a million Kurds living in Damascus.”
An end to the violence could be achieved with a political resolution, he said, but he feared the Arab League had chosen the route of prolonged armed conflict in Syria.