Middle East

U.S. may act unilaterally against Iraqi militias

BAGHDAD: The United States is concerned about Iran providing weapons to Iraq militants and will take unilateral action when needed to deal with the threat, U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said Monday.

U.S. officials have blamed Shiite militias armed by Iraq’s Shiite neighbor Iran for most of the recent attacks on U.S. forces in Iraq. Fourteen U.S. service members were killed in hostile incidents June, the highest monthly toll in three years.

At least three more have been killed in July, including one Sunday, the day Panetta arrived in Baghdad on his first trip to Iraq as defense secretary.

Washington still has about 46,000 troops in Iraq more than eight years after the 2003 invasion that ousted Saddam Hussein but is scheduled to withdraw its forces by year-end under a security pact between the two countries.

“We are very concerned about Iran and the weapons they are providing to extremists here in Iraq. And we’re seeing the results of that,” Panetta said in an address to U.S. troops in Baghdad.

“In June we lost a hell of a lot of Americans as a result of those attacks. And we cannot just simply stand back and allow this to continue to happen,” Panetta added.

Panetta said Washington’s first effort would be to press the Iraqi government and military to go after Shiite groups responsible for the attacks.

“Secondly, to do what we have to do unilaterally, to be able to go after those threats as well, and we’re doing that,” he said, referring to the right of U.S. forces to defend themselves in Iraq.

“And thirdly, to bring pressure on Iran to not engage in this kind of behavior. Because, very frankly, they need to know that our first responsibility is to protect those that are defending our country and that is something we are going to do,” he explained.

U.S. forces officially ended combat operations in Iraq last August and now operate largely in the background, training and assisting Iraqi police and soldiers against a weakened but still lethal insurgency that launches hundreds of attacks each month.

Hours after Panetta’s arrival, militants fired three Katyusha rockets into Baghdad’s heavily fortified Green Zone, home to the massive U.S. Embassy complex and Iraqi government buildings, according to an Iraqi Interior Ministry source. There were no immediate reports of casualties.

U.S. officials including Panetta have been pressing Baghdad to decide whether it wants U.S. forces to stay beyond the year-end deadline. Maliki has said he will abide by a decision of the majority of Iraq’s political leaders.

The Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish political blocs have given themselves another two weeks to decide their positions on the withdrawal. They are known to have widely disparate views on the possibility of some U.S. soldiers staying.

Panetta said Iraq’s foot-dragging was part of its democratic process even as he acknowledged “sometimes it’s frustrating.” He asked out loud whether Iraq wanted the U.S. military to stay on past the end of 2011, or whether they wanted to install a new defense minister.

Maliki did not name permanent security ministers when he installed his Cabinet last December, holding the defense and interior ministries for himself.

“But damnit make a decision! So it gets frustrating. But that’s the nature of democracy … that kind of debate, that kind of dialogue goes on,” Panetta said.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on July 12, 2011, on page 9.




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