Bullets in the classroom: Students caught in Boko Haram crossfire

Young male students sit in the courtyard of a high school in Fotokol, northern Cameroon, where the students and teachers are fearful of attacks by Islamist group Boko Haram. AFP PHOTO / REINNIER KAZE

FOTOKOL, Cameroon: Stray bullets regularly whizz through the courtyard of the Fotokol high school in northern Cameroon, a terrifying reminder of the Boko Haram gunmen carrying out deadly raids just across the border with Nigeria.

Their insides cramped with fear, pupils’ eyes dart from their teacher toward the windows during class, unable to focus on their lessons.

“We have a phobia, the danger is always there,” said Boris Bouba, a 20-year-old student at the school.

“When we are in class, we are always keeping watch on the windows. We can never fully concentrate because we are afraid.”

As the school year wraps up, pupils gathering in the tree-lined courtyard appear impatient to get their reports and leave as soon as possible.

“We are always on the alert,” school headmaster Jean Felix Nyioto told AFP, seated behind his desk in a cramped office.

“At any moment gunfire crackles on the other side, but also from time to time here” in Fotokol.

The other side refers to Gamboru, a Nigerian village descended upon by swarms of Boko Haram fighters in May. The extremists opened fire on residents in an attack which sources say left at least 300 people dead.

The Fotokol highschool is just 300 meters away from Gamboru, separated by only a small river.

However there is no fence or security for the nearly 600 uniformed youngsters who file into its classrooms every day.

His expression taut, Nyioto describes how bullets from Gamboru regularly zing through the school, and mortar bombs fall nearby.

However the headmaster is currently more anxious about fliers that recently appeared on the streets of Fotokol, threatening direct attacks on the school and its teachers.

“Boko Haram has threatened to burn down the school, customs and government buildings. We are so scared of being targeted,” said another student, Ali Abba.

Boko Haram, which has been waging a violent insurgency in Nigeria’s north since 2009, loosely translates as “Western education is forbidden.”

The hard-line Islamists have burned down many schools, often massacring students in their sleep.

In February nearly 60 Nigerian pupils were killed in an attack on their dormitory before it was razed to the ground.

Their deadly insurgency hit international headlines in April when 219 schoolgirls were taken hostage in the remote northeastern town of Chibok.

Cameroon, which shares 2,000 kilometers of border with Nigeria, is increasingly targeted by Boko Haram. The Islamist militants have already kidnapped several foreigners there.

In mid-May suspected gunmen from the group took 10 Chinese road workers captive in an attack which left a Cameroonian soldier dead.

The girls at Fotokol highschool are particularly afraid of what Boko Haram may have in store for them.

“I am so scared Boko Haram will come to our school and kidnap us,” Sidonie Dimissigue, 15, said.

“We are afraid of being kidnapped,” said Alice Kouvou, who said she has been wracked with anxiety and unable to concentrate in class since hearing of the Chibok attack.

“Thoughts are racing through my head. I speak to Daddy about them to try and calm down,” she said.

Kouvou, 20, said she decided to stay in school despite efforts by her parents to get her to leave Fotokol.

She is afraid the kidnapping of the Nigerian girls will “radicalize Muslim parents who already don’t like sending their children to school. Especially girls.”

Surrounded by fellow pupils, Ali Abba pulls out his cellphone to show them a series of gruesome images. In one, about 20 bodies are heaped on top of each other, in another you see burned out cars.

“These are pictures of the Gamboru massacre,” said Abba, who added that he was in the town two days after the attack.

The raid on Gamboru took place as students were sitting their finals.

“When the explosions started all the students abandoned their work. They jumped out of the windows to escape” and some were later found up to 15 km away, Nyioto said.

“Some were crying, others completely lost their minds,” the headmaster explained, adding he was concerned about the students’ “sanity.”

The students are not the only ones suffering. Five teachers hastily left town before the end of the school year as the danger mounted, and the highschool has only 10 teachers left.

“The establishment risks being left empty. Everyone says they are going to leave,” added the headmaster, who has vowed to stay put.

Cameroonian soldiers, who arrived in Fotokol a few days ago as part of an effort to beef up security in the region, are seen as the school’s only hope.

Some 300 soldiers and paramilitary officers have been deployed in the town to provide security for residents and allow children to safely attend school.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on June 04, 2014, on page 11.




Your feedback is important to us!

We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article.

Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment(s), including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. Please note that your email address will NOT appear on the site.

Alert: If you are facing problems with posting comments, please note that you must verify your email with Disqus prior to posting a comment. follow this link to make sure your account meets the requirements. (

comments powered by Disqus



Interested in knowing more about this story?

Click here